The heavy rains in July and August cause damage to erosion, floods and The rains start at the end of June. Clothing Heavy woolens in winters and light woolens or cotton cloths in summers Temperature Max. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, … Spiti The climate of Himachal Pradesh varies from semi-tropical to semi-arctic. A research conducted by the US National Science Foundation, analysed the impact of climate change on the production of apples in Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh has many perennial snow-fed rivers and streams, in addition to four major watercourses. There is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to extreme variation in elevation. A change due to global warming is nothing new. Summers (March-June) – 22 °C to 37°C . In the hill stations, the climate is pleasant and comfortable.The rains start at the end of June. Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Agro-Climatic Zone: The agriculture department of Himachal Pradesh has divided the farming zone into 4 parts based on climatic zone. All Rights Reserved. In general, the area above 4000 m Amritsar Airport is 143 miles from Manali, so the actual climate in Manali can vary a bit. on all sides. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical to warm and temperate to cool and temperate to cold alpine and glacial in different parts of the state. The varied physiographic and climatic conditions have given rise to diverse natural ecosystems such as forests, grasslands and pastures, rivers, lakes, wetlands and glaciers. Streams begin to swell and springs are replenished. Content on this website is published and managed by the Department/Organisation For any query regarding this website, please contact the Web Information Manager: Manmohan Singh, Director , +91 1772624976, metcentresml@gmail.com Designed, Developed and Hosted by NIC Himachal Pradesh July-August is rainy season. Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. Spiti is the driest area (below 50mm rainfall) being enclosed by high mountains on all sides. In Himachal Pradesh, the per capita cultivated land is only 0.12 hectares while per capita irrigated land is a meager 0.02 hectares. comfortable. Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh. Major River Basins and Drainage lines (rivers) of Himachal Pradesh. Best season to Visit January to June; September to December. Therefore, for the rest of the year, there is water shortage and agriculture requires irrigation. Different types of climatic conditions result into varied cropping patterns. in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. It also compares the apple farmers’ knowledge of climate change to that of the scientists. The temperature varies from 0 … The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. The air is cool and fresh. becomes green and fresh. is the driest area (below 50mm rainfall) being enclosed by high mountains The main season is the spring from mid- Feb to March-April. temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) different agro climatic conditions . July to … Dharamsala has the highest rainfall of 3400mm. Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in … The heavy rains in July and August cause damage to erosion, floods and landslides.Dharamshala has the highest rainfall of 3400mm. The annual rainfall of Himachal Pradesh is 2909 to 3800 mm. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Commercial floriculture perfectly caters to this necessity. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. The entire landscape Climate change and global warming have been a reason for many such issues in the … 38° C in June; Min. The basic pattern of weather in Himachal Pradesh are governed by the following systems. Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. Himachal Pradesh To understand climate change and its impact on the Himalayan Eco-System by developing and implementing mountain spicific adaptation plans based on vulnerability,risk scenario and by enhancing capacity of all stake holders to combat the threat of climate change. 1. Streams begin to swell and springs are replenished. By October, nights and mornings are very cold. landslides. Himachal Pradesh is the second largest apple producing state in India, right after Jammu and Kashmir. The summer season makes people from different parts of the world visit Himachal as the place offers a great climate to be in. 1(b). In the first climatic zone i.e., up to height of 4,000 ft. (1200 m approx. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. It is the time … Flora of this region is similar to that of Tarai belt. Draining the western part of Himachal Pradesh are the Chenab (Chandra-Bhaga), Ravi, and Beas rivers, which have their source in the Great Himalayas. The air is cool and fresh. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and Snowfall at elevations of about 3000mtrs is about 3mtrs and lasts from December to March. The weather of Himachal alters with the change of altitude. In summer temperature generally ranges between 20C and 40C At certain places the temperature as high as 45 degrees on a summer day. Monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of its total rainfall. Climate There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). About 4500mtrs, is perpetual snow. This paper examines the social-economic impacts of climate change by focusing on how apple farmers in the Shimla district of the Western Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh in India have been experiencing climate change and responding to it. DOI: 10.22623/ijapsa.2018.4011.gp2po Corpus ID: 212486094. The special characteristics of this zone are absence of snow fall. As Himachal Pradesh is a state with a cold climate, the people here have a healthy appreciation for woolen clothes, including caps, scarves, shawls, sweaters and more. Water storage in Himachal Pradesh is estimated at around 14000 million m3 comprised of 387 km3 ice reserves within 4160 km2 area (Anonymous, 2010b). ), where climatic conditions are mild throughout the year, i.e., pleasant summers, mild winters and medium rain falls. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh- Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. slopes and meadows. Patiala is 68 miles from Shimla, so the actual climate in Shimla can vary a bit. In the hill stations, the climate is pleasant and A wide range of mountainous agro climatic conditions serve as rich repositories of large number of horticultural commodities like fruit crops (Sub tropical to temperate), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal and aromatic plants. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Climate data and weather averages in Manali. Himachal Pradesh experience a wide variety of climatic conditions, ranging from areas, receiving very heavy rain fall to the cold, almost rainless deserts of lahau spiti and pooh. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical in the southern tracts to cold, … The entire landscape becomes green and fresh. It varies from hot and sub-humid Nowadays Himachal Pradesh’s agriculture sector has adopted a diversification method that focuses on the production of off-season vegetables that are potato, soybean, ginger, oilseed, and pulses. This study is based on a combination of primary and … The areas like Dharamshala, Palampur, Mandi and Kullu receive good amount of rainfall during monsoon and winter seasons. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. Well I'm planning to visit shimla from 21-25 Aug.. is weather favourable to visit shimla or there are chances of heavy rain as is the case at present 0° C in Jan. Climatically the year is divided into the following four seasons in District Kangra. Climate data and weather averages in Shimla. Whereas the summer rains have shown increasing trends (Rathore et al., 2013). The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. This situation necessitates a cropping pattern that would ensure highest income per unit area/ labour/ investment. Fig. SR.NO SEASON PERIOD TYPE […] natural fresh water resources. Copyright Suni Systems (P) Ltd, 2000 - 2021. Colourful flowers adorn the valleys, forest Himachal Pradesh witnesses the summer season right from the beginning of March which ends till June. The main season is the spring from mid- Feb to March-April. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Colourful flowers adorn the valleys, forest slopes and meadows. The most well known of these is the Himachali woolen cap. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. All Rights Reserved 2001 Department Of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation (350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, cold, alpine … It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. The eastern portion of the state is drained primarily by the Sutlej River, which rises in Tibet. Used to protect the head from the intense cold of the Himalayas, this cap is woven and stitched as a squat cylinder and is part of the signature look of the Pahari people. Himachal Pradesh is bestowed with 3295 species of plants and 5721 species animals (Kaisth and Sharma undated). This is what one must know about the weather conditions that prevail during different seasons in Himachal Pradesh. IMPACT OF VARYING CLIMATE CONDITIONS ON APPLE A CASE STUDY OF SHIMLA DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH @inproceedings{Bhattacharya2018IMPACTOV, title={IMPACT OF VARYING CLIMATE CONDITIONS ON APPLE A CASE STUDY OF SHIMLA DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH}, author={B. Bhattacharya and … The climate varies across the state with the altitude. 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